The Action Of A Pediatric Surgeon

The Action Of A Pediatric Surgeon

The Action Of A Pediatric Surgeon

The Action Of A Pediatric Surgeon - Pediatric surgeons are specialist doctors who focus on performing surgical procedures in pediatric patients, including fetuses, infants (born prematurely or entirely months), children, to adolescents not more than 18 years old.

Pediatric surgeons are a subspecialty of general surgical medicine that handles a variety of conditions that require surgery, both in the case of emergencies, injuries, infections, cancer or tumours, degenerative disorders (derivatives), and congenital abnormalities in children and adolescents.

In Indonesia, to get the title of a pediatric surgeon (Sp.BA), a general practitioner must take a surgical specialist education for ten semesters. The knowledge of pediatric surgeons is an advanced 2-year professional education for general surgeons who are interested in the field of pediatric surgery.

Field of Work Specialist in Pediatric Surgery

The pediatric surgeon divided into several skills, including:

  •     Prenatal field pediatric surgery related to the unborn fetus.
  •     Neonatal, pediatric surgery that focuses on infants, both moderately or prematurely.
  •     Children's Surgical Oncology, which focuses on patients who have cancer.
  •     Pediatric surgery in the field of traumatology, which focuses on surgical emergency care with cases of trauma or injury.
  •     Pediatric Urology surgical speciality of medicine, a branch of which deal with cases of the disease, disorders of the urinary tract in children.
 

Duties and Roles of Pediatric Surgeons

In the medical world, pediatric surgeons have a unique role as health workers in providing health services with individual competencies in pediatric surgery with a scientific foundation in medical science, clinical skills, and management of health problems.

Based on the Indonesian Medical Council (KKI) regulations on professional education standards and the competence of pediatric surgeons, a pediatric surgeon must have the ability to perform services, management procedures, and manage health problems in the field of pediatric surgery as a whole. The following are the tasks and roles of pediatric surgeons:

  •     Determine a diagnosis based on physical examination, medical interviews, and investigations.
  •     I have the ability to provide a correct, clear, complete, and honest explanation of the goals, needs, and benefits and risks of remedial actions to be carried out.
  •     Carry out clinical surgical procedures for children according to their problems, needs and authority.
  •     Performing emergency medical procedures exact matches the patient's health problems and his authority as a pediatric surgeon.
  •     Explain indications of administration of drugs, how the drug works, dosage, and application to patients.
  •     Manage pediatric surgical patients in the polyclinic, operating room, nursing ward, intensive care unit (ICU), and emergency department.
  •     I am providing education and counselling related to the healthy development of pediatric surgery patients, to the families of patients and the community.

Medical Measures and Diseases Treated by Pediatric Surgeons

A pediatric surgeon has clinical skills to perform treatment and surgery according to the illnesses suffered by pediatric patients, such as:

    Abnormalities in the digestive tract include: hernia and achalasia, pyloric stenosis (narrowing of the stomach), intestinal obstruction, intussusception, ileus, omphalocele and gastroschisis, Meckel's diverticulum, Hirschsprung's disease, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), appendicitis (appendicitis), peritonitis (inflammation abdominal cavity), perforation of the stomach and intestines, and blunt abdominal trauma (abdominal injury).

    Diseases of the liver, bile and pancreas, include cholecystitis (inflammation of the bile duct), cholecyst cysts (bile cysts), biliary atresia, pancreatic pseudocysts, pancreatitis, and liver cancer.

    Reproductive system disorders, including testicular tumours, ovarian tumours, ovarian cysts, and adolescence of the testes (testes do not drop)

    Disorders or abnormalities in the chest cavity and respiratory tract include chest injury, pneumothorax (the presence of excess air in the pleura), hematothorax (presence of blood in the pleural cavity), pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum (prominent chest), and tumours in the chest cavity.

    Bone disease, including fractures, shifting joints, and bone tumours.

    Blood and lymph disorders (lymphatic system), include lymphoma, enlarged lymph nodes, extraction (aspiration) of bone marrow in children with leukaemia, and enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly).

    Abnormalities or disorders of the brain nerves, including neuroblastoma, severe head injury, and cerebral haemorrhage that needs surgery.

    Disorders of the kidney and urinary tract systems, including hypospadias and episodes, kidney stones, bladder disorders including bladder stones, kidney injury, and kidney and urinary tract infections.
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