Get to know a specialist Renal and hypertension

Get to know a specialist Renal and hypertension


Get to know a specialist Renal and hypertension

Specialist Renal and hypertension - Kidney and hypertension specialists are doctors who study the science of kidney disease or nephrology in depth. Two types of kidney specialists are distinguished based on the age of the patients treated, namely children and adults. Kidney specialists play a role in diagnosing and determining the treatment of patients who have kidney disease.

Nephrology is a branch of healing science that includes in internal medicine. To become a kidney and hypertension specialist, a general practitioner needs to complete an internal medicine specialist education, then continue his subspecialty education in the field of nephrology. After completing the culture, the doctor will get a degree in specialist medicine in kidney and hypertension consultants (Sp. PD-KGH).

 Fields of Kidney Specialists and Hypertension

As mentioned above, kidney and hypertension specialists divide into two, namely for adults (over 18 years) and children (aged 0-18 years). Adult kidney specialists undergo education in internal medicine specialists first, then explore the field of nephrology while the pediatric kidney specialist educates as a paediatrician before taking a specialisation in nephrology for children.

After completing education, kidney and hypertension specialists can practice immediately, take careers in academics or teaching, join pharmaceutical companies, medical devices companies, or provide dialysis services.
Disease Treated by Kidney Specialists and Hypertension

Kidney disease can occur in one or both kidneys in the body. Various factors increase a person's risk of developing kidney diseases, such as age, diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, infection, drug side effects, and the presence of family members with a history of kidney disease.

Patients will be referred by a general practitioner to see a kidney specialist if they have symptoms of kidney disease, such as:

  •     The presence of protein or blood in the urine.
  •     Dizziness and weakness due to electrolyte disturbances
  •     The frequency of urination decreases or doesn't urinate at all.
  •     Swelling in the body
  •     Pale and tired of anaemia due to kidney problems.
  •     Pain in the lower back or waist.
  •     High blood pressure.

Kidney specialists know about the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various kidney diseases. Diseases that are handled by a kidney specialist are:

  •     Congenital kidney disease.
  •     Kidney cancer tumours. Wilms tumour sample.
  •     Nephrotic syndrome.
  •     Polycystic organ disease (PCOS).
  •     Acute and chronic kidney failure.
  •     Kidney disease related to diabetes (diabetic nephropathy).
  •     Kidney disease due to hypertension.
  •     Acute tubular necrosis.
  •     Acute and chronic glomerulonephritis.
  •     Renal colic.
  •     Nephritic syndrome.
  •     Urinary tract stones.
  •     Urinary tract infection.
  •     Lupus nephritis.
  •     Kidney infection (pyelonephritis).

Actions Performed by Kidney Specialists

Before taking action, the kidney specialist will diagnose the cause and severity of kidney disease experienced by the patient, by carrying out a physical examination, tracing the patient's history and medical record, and suggesting other additional tests, such as examining kidney function. Kidney specialists can also recommend biopsy procedures if they suspect kidney or cancer-related kidney disease.

The following is a test that makes it easy for doctors to diagnose kidney disease:

  •     Urine test, to see protein levels and analysis of other substances in the urine.
  •     Blood tests, to see levels of urea nitrogen and other components in the blood including electrolytes, blood gas analysis, and hormones.
  •     Creatinine and urea tests, to determine kidney function.
  •     GFR (glomerular filtration rate) or a test to see the ability of the kidneys to filter metabolic waste from the body.
  •     Imaging tests, such as CT scans, MRI, urography, ultrasound and kidney X-rays to see conditions and evaluate kidney structure and surroundings.

After establishing a diagnosis, the doctor will determine the treatment plan according to the patient's condition, including menu changes and diet, medication, or dialysis procedures.

To provide the best way for his patients, a kidney specialist will coordinate with other specialists, such as a nutritionist or urologist. If the patient's health does not improve after treatment or in cases of severe kidney problems, the kidney doctor can also recommend kidney transplant procedures.
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